PSEI and Camp Carew History
Before Illinois Statehood
Rev. John E. Finley, a Presbyterian minister from Chester County, Penn., to Mason County, Ky., coveted the privilege of being the first to plant the Church of Christ upon the territory of the future great State of Illinois; and also in the Louisiana Territory, in what is now the state of Missouri. In 1797, Mr. Finley descended the Ohio River in a keel-boat, with several of his neighbors, members of the Presbyterian Church, and ascended the Mississippi, and landed at Kaskaskia, with the bold design of planting the standard of the Cross in the Spanish Colonies west of the Mississippi River. Mr. Finley probably had ultimate reference to a mission among the Indians. He preached the Gospel, catechised and baptised several of the "red men." But, in short time, he was led to abandon the enterprise. . . . During the years 1810, 1811, and also in 1814 and 1816, Rev. James McGrady spent a considerable time in the southern counties of Indian[a] and in Illinois, and in 1816, or some accounts say, in 1814, Mr. McGrady organized Sharon Church in White County. This was the first Presbyterian Church in Illinois, and its honored name still stands on the rolls of the Presbyery of Cairo.
After Illinois Statehood in 1818
After years of missionary work from itinerant clergy from other presbyteries, The Synod of Indiana established a new presbytery for all of the state of Illinois on October 16, 1828. It was named the "Center Presbytery of Illinois." It consisted of seven ministers and 21 churches. The first presbytery assembly was scheduled for January 1829 in Kaskaskia.
By May of 1831, the General Assembly recognized the growth of presbyterian presence and constituted the Synod of Illinois (which included the states of Illinois and Missouri). This new synod initially contained four presbyteries: Missouri, Illinois, Kaskaskia, and Sangamon. The Missouri Presbytery soon left the Synod of Illinois and was reconstituted as the Synod of Missouri.
The History of Camp Carew
The camp consists of approximately 56 acres of land, with 1 1/2 miles of shoreline. The camp includes two cabins (Knox and Witherspoon), 16 hogans, Calvin Hall (dining hall), a swimming area, a fire circle, and two "wild" areas.
The Presbyteries of Cairo and Ewing met in 1951 and approved the camp site development program.
The renewable lease was signed in 1952 with the Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States Department of the Interior. Goals were set and plans made for the camp.
In 1953 estimates of building sites and prices were made, then work camps were held.
The name of the camp, CAREW, was coined from the two presbyteries—CAiRo and EWing and adopted early in 1954.
Work continued on buildings and plans were made for a bridge. The dining hall was finished in 1956.
The toilet, showers, and laundry were built in 1957.
In 1958, the second floor addition to the dining hall was planned; construction done on the road from the dining hall to the beach, and the second floor of the kitchen wing was completed.
Report of the Camping Taskforce to the Presbytery Life Committee of the Presbytery of Southeastern Illinois dated December 20, 1984, and revised March 28, 1985. Page 7. Photocopy of the report with attachments from the PSEI General Council meeting.
After the Reorganization of 1971‑72
Over time, there were numerous changes in the boundaries and names of the presbyteries within the Synod of Illinois. In 1971-72, the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. (UPCUSA) approved a major denominational re-organization which created large regional synods and necessitated the creation of large, sustainable, presbyteries. The Synod of Illinois and the Synod of Indiana were merged into the Synod of Lincoln Trails.
The presbyteries of the Synod of Lincoln Trails are:
- in Illinois
- Blackhawk Presbytery
- Chicago Presbytery
- Great Rivers Presbytery
- Southeastern Illinois Presbytery
- in Indiana
- Ohio Valley Presbytery
- Wabash Valley Presbytery
- Whitewater Valley Presbytery
- Midwest Hanmi Presbytery
Camp Carew is a drug- and alcohol-free environment.
These maps are adapted from Illinois Historical Records Survey. Inventory of the Church Archives of Illinois: Presbyterian Church in the United States of America: Cairo Presbytery. Pages 5-28. Illinois Historical Records Survey, Illinois Public Records Project. 1941. Web.